VIM Tips

Select

  • toggle character selection: v
  • toggle row selection: shift+v
  • toggle block selection: ctrl+v

Copy

  • Copy the whole line: yy
  • Copy from the cursor to the EOL: y$
  • Copy selected text: select the text then y

Paste

  • Paste one line below the cursor: p
  • Paste on the line of the cursor (push down the current line): shift+p
  • Paste onto the selected text (overwriting them): select the text then p

Delete

  • Delete the whole line: dd
  • Delete from the cursor to the EOL: shift+d or d$
  • Delete selected text: select the text then d

Search

  • Find the text at the cursor: *
  • Find a string /someText<ENTER>
  • Find a string (case insensitive) /someText\c<ENTER>
  • Find and place the cursor at the end of the string /someText/e<ENTER>

Replace

  • Replace the character pointed by the cursor: r then the new character
  • Start overwriting mode: shift+r

Substitute

  • Substitute the character pointed by the cursor: s then the new character
  • Substitute all occurances of a string: :%s/pattern/newString/g
  • Confirm each substitution for all occurances of a string: :%s/pattern/newString/gc
  • Substitute the first occurance of a string from every line: :%s/pattern/newString/
  • Substitute all occurances of a string from the selected text: select the text then :'<,’>s/pattern/newString/g

Capitalize

  • Change the case of a character pointed by the cursor: ~
  • Toggle between upper and lower case for selected text: Select the text then ~
  • Change to uppercase for selected text: Select the text then shift+u
  • Change to lowercase for selected text: Select the text then u

Find matching bracket

  • Find the matching bracket pointed by the cursor: %

Open files

  • Open the file where its path is pointed by the cursor: gf
  • Navigate the directory structure to locate the file: :E<ENTER>

Split window

  • Horizontal split: :sp<ENTER>
  • Vertical split: :vsp<ENTER>

Indentation

  • Indent the line where the cursor is placed: >>
  • Indent the selected lines: select the text (lines) then >>

Get the unicode value of a character

  • Unicode value of the character pointed by the cursor: :asc<ENTER> or ga
  • UTF-8 value of the character pointed by the cursor: g8

Move the page

  • Move the page so that the cursor is at the top of the screen: z<ENTER>
  • Move the page so that the cursor is at the bottom of the screen: z-
  • Move the page so that the cursor is in the middle of the screen: z.

Move the file from one window to another

  • Move a file from the left window to the right window (vertical split): ctrl+w shift+l
  • Move a file from the right window to the left window (vertical split): ctrl+w shift+h
  • Move a file from the top window to the bottom window (horizontal split): ctrl+w shift+j
  • Move a file from the bottom window to the top window (horizontal split): ctrl+w shift+k

Error list

  • Open the error list after compilation: :cw
  • Go to the next item in the error list: :cn

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  • xxx:
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